Freshwater Tropical Aquarium Requirements

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Freshwater Tropical Aquarium SetupThe most popular type of aquarium for beginners is a freshwater tropical aquarium, this is what attracts most people to keeping fish the stunning colors and variety of fish makes setting up a tropical tank so enticing.

Before you start you need to know what types of fish species you are going to keep in your aquarium as this will define the size of the tank required and the equipment needed to keep a healthy aquarium.

For beginners you need to keep things simple and designing your setup around a community tank is usually the best way to go, using common species of tropical fish

The best species for community tanks include

Tetras, which include Cardinal Tetras, Bleeding Heart Tetras, Black Skirt Tetras,

Danio Fish which include Gold Danio, Zebra Danio Long Finned Danio and Leopard Danio

Livebearers which include Guppies, Mollies, Platies and Swordtails

These type of fish species will happily live together in the confines of an aquarium with little fuss or aggression towards one an other and offer a diversity of colors and shapes.

Choosing The Right Size Aquarium

Knowing what species of fish and how many fish you are going to keep in the tropical aquarium will help make the choice of aquarium size much easier the general rule is around 25mm of fish length to four liters of tank water.

For any tropical aquarium setup it is not recommended to start with a tank any smaller than around eighty liters in capacity, the environment will pollute more easily within a smaller tank and you will not have much room to grow the community aquarium if it is to small.

The greatest threat to a small aquarium setup is ammonia this is produced from food that is not consumed and from the waste of the fish within the tank, when the ammonia levels get to high the fish within the tank will suffer.

Placement of an aquarium is important the larger the aquarium the heavier the water within the tank, one liter of water weighs around one kilo so a 100 liter tank will weigh around 100kgs plus gravel, tank and stand weight so make sure your floor will take the extra weight.

The aquarium should be level as an aquarium out of level will place a strain on the glass supporting the water, and your aquarium should also be placed out of direct sunlight as sunlight will produce algae growth within the aquarium.

Your aquarium requires scheduled cleaning in order for the aquarium to run correctly, algae needs to be scraped from the glass surface the substrate will need vacuuming at regular intervals to remove debris and sediment from the aquarium floor and the filtration system needs cleaning to run effectively

One step that is often over looked is regular water changes you need to siphon off and replace part of the aquarium water at regular intervals this keeps the nitrate and ammonia levels at a manageable level for a healthy aquarium.

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