How To Clean Tropical Aquariums

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How To Clean Tropical AquariumsNow that your new aquarium has been Nitrogen cycled and stocked with tropical fish and planted with various species of aquarium plants.

You will have your very own ecosystem this system will not be self regulating you will need to perform tasks each week to keep your  new aquarium looking fresh.

There are many tools on the market designed specifically to keep your aquarium clean and free of algae and sediment, the three main tools are magnet algae cleaners, gravel vacuum cleaners and a plastic bucket.

The first step to a cleaner aquarium is to remove algae from the glass surface, The magnet algae cleaner is designed for just this task this is a fantastic tool designed to remove built up algae easily from the interior of your aquarium.

The algae cleaner is made up from two magnets one has an abrasive surface which is attached to the inside of the aquarium the other a surface designed to slide along the face on the outside of the aquarium you then just simply slide the outside magnet around and the inside one will follow scraping of the algae from the glass surface.

There are two specific algae scrapers available one is designed to be used on a hard glass surface the other is for Acrylic aquariums which has a much softer surface, using the wrong type particularly on acrylic aquariums will leave scratches on the surface.

Regular cleaning of your aquarium has many benifits for the ecosystem it removes ammonia and nitrates from the water, removes sediment and debris from the substrate and regular water changes removes phosphates which can cause algae blooms in the aquarium your fish will love your it.

Now that you have finished scraping the algae from the aquarium surface the scraped algae will fall to the bottom of the aquarium and some will float around the tank but do not worry the next two steps will take care of this.

Once the algae has been scraped you then need to vacuum the substrate at the bottom of the tank and change the water, the vacuum cleaner is a simple tool it consists of a length of hard clear plastic tube and a flexible hose lower the tube into the tank and draw up water once the water reaches the top drop the hose into a plastic bucket this will start an automatic siphon.

Then simply move the tube in a pattern around the substrate the best method is to push the tube down into the substrate this will siphon any debris laying under the substrate, the pebbles or sand may be pulled up the tube but usually will release and fall back to the bottom of the aquarium before reaching the top of the vacuum hose.

With the vacuuming out of the way you can now replace the water that was siphoned out during the cleaning process to refill the aquarium you can use tap water and dechlorinate, or have four or five plastic buckets that you filled around four days before the cleaning process to allow the chlorine to evaporate.

Top up to the desired level this small amount of clean water should be replaced every week and if you use buckets to fill the tank only use these buckets for this purpose do not use for anything else or you risk contamination of the aquarium environment. 

The final step in the cleaning process is to thoroughly clean the filter system leave the filter running for a few hours once you have scraped the algae and vacuumed the substrate this will allow the filter to clear the remaining water then clean the filter as per manufacture recommendations.