Types Of Tropical Fish Food

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Types Of Tropical Fish FoodMost aquarium fish originate from remote rivers and lakes where they can forage for there own food some will wait for bugs and insects to fall into the water then grab them from the surface while others will hunt other fish or feed on left overs lying in the substrate.

Aquarium fish in captivity do not have the experience of hunting for there own food so you need to provide a balanced diet for your fish to survive and to remain active and healthy and each species will have there own preferences as to what is suitable for them.

Most fish species are divided into three main groups, Herbivores which include plecos, pacus, and African cichlids, these herbivores are strictly vegetarian in nature and in the wild will only eat plant species from the water source, or berries and nuts that fall into the water.

Omnivores are the largest group out of the three with most species of tropical fish falling into this category, omnivores include all species of goldfish, mollies and most catfish species and a host of other popular aquarium fish, omnivores are happy to eat both plants and meat.

Carnivores there are only a select few species of tropical fish that are regarded as true carnivores these include jack dempsey cichlids, bettas and oscars, carnivores will only eat meat, this can be obtained in the wild from eating other fish species or feeding on worms or shrimp.

There are three main categories that commercial tropical fish feed are placed in these include dry fish foods, frozen or freeze dried fish foods and lastly live fish food, marine or saltwater species will have there own specific types of foods for both fish and live reefs.

Dry Foods are available for herbivores, omnivores and for carnivores, these dry fish foods are sold as flakes that are sprinkled over the water surface, pellets that sink down through the water column or as dry wafers for larger fish species, the dry food are made up in different formulas for herbivores, omnivores and carnivores to get a balanced diet.

Freeze Dried Foods are usually live food like brine shrimp, blackworms or bloodworms that have been freeze dried, which means all the moisture has been removed from the animal or fish, the great advantage of freeze dried fish food is the shelf life which can last for years as long as the food remains dry.

Live Fish Food while not very common these days live fish food still has its place among die hard aquarium enthusiasts, live fish food include bloodworms, blackworms, brine shrimp and water fleas, these are best cultivated at home in separate aquariums and feed to carnivores only.

With the excellent quality these days of dried fish food and freeze dried fish food that are available in flakes, pellets and wafers for most species of aquarium fish there really is no need to go to the trouble of rearing your own live fish food, the other concern with live food that is grown commercially is the risk of diseases entering your aquarium which would be very difficult to control.   

Trying to find fish food that will be acceptable to all the species in your aquarium can be difficult particularly in a community aquarium where you might have six or more fish species, usually you will find out by trial and error, use different combinations of feed until you find one that all the inhabitants will like and never over feed any species of fish as this will soon pollute the tank with food that is not eaten quickly. 

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